Week In Review: Dollar Dips, Red Hot CPI, Disappointing Retail Sales

The mood across financial markets turned cautious on Monday as traders pondered the possibility of the Federal Reserve raising interest rates sooner than expected. Surging Covid-19 cases across the globe also weighed on sentiment, hitting appetite for riskier assets.

Our trade of the week was gold. We questioned whether the precious metal would be in trouble as rising inflation boosted expectations around for higher interest rates. On Tuesday, king dollar weakened, even after Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell stated during his Senate confirming hearing that the central bank was likely to raise interest rates this year.

Mid-week, the US December inflation report showed prices rising at their fastest rate in almost 40 years! The consumer prices index (CPI) jumped to 7% year-on-year, up from 6.8% in November while matching the median forecast from economists surveyed by Bloomberg. We saw the Dollar Index (DXY) slam into 95.00 following the inflation report. Although markets initially offered a calm reaction to the CPI, equity bulls felt the burn on Thursday as rate hike bets rose.

Gold regained its mojo, deriving strength from a weaker dollar and slight pullback in Treasury yields. After experiencing sharp losses last week, the precious metal concluded this week roughly 1.2% higher.

All eyes were on the US retail sales on Friday which disappointed expectations. Sales fell by 1.9% in December, as worries over the Omicron variant and rising inflation hit spending. With this terrible combination hitting household consumption, this could weigh on economic growth in the final quarter of 2022. Interestingly, the probability of a rate hike in March stands at 91.5% as of writing.

In the FX space, the dollar staged a rebound on Friday but still ended the week lower against all G10 currencies. Oil posted a fourth straight weekly gain amid signs that the market is tightening as global consumption remains resilient in the face of Omicron.

In other news, earnings season kicked off with major banks under the spotlight. JPMorgan Chase, the Number 1 U.S. bank by assets showed profit and revenue that topped estimates. Citigroup beat revenue estimates but showed a 26% plunge in profits while Wells Fargo reported better-than-expected fourth-quarter results. With earnings season set to kick into higher gear in the week ahead as more companies publish their fourth-quarter results, it may be wise to fasten your seatbelts for potential volatility!

By Lukman Otunuga Senior Research Analyst

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Lukman Otunuga

Lukman Otunuga is a research analyst at FXTM. A keen follower of macroeconomic events, with a strong professional and academic background in finance, Lukman is well versed in the various factors affecting the currency and commodity markets. Lukman provides in-depth analysis on the global currency and commodity markets and is often quoted by leading international media outlets such as: MarketWatch, CNBC, NASDAQ, Reuters, AFP, The Guardian and Yahoo. Prior to joining FXTM, Lukman spent two years as a research analyst with international currency broker FXCM, where he focused on a technical and fundamental analysis of the global currency, commodity, and stock markets. Lukman was also responsible for leading educational seminars for international and local high net worth individuals, and has published a series of educational articles on forex trading with City A.M. Lukman holds a BSc (hons) degree in Economics from the University of Essex, UK and an MSc in Finance from London School of Business and Finance, where he studied corporate finance, mergers & acquisitions and the role of international financial institutions